What the Heck Are Sinuses Anyway?
The sinuses may be mysterious and hard for most people to define, but there's no mystery when they're not working properly.
The sinuses are four sets of air-filled, mucus-lined pockets in the skull. They are located in the forehead, in the cheeks, and between the eyes and behind the nose.
- Frontal Sinus = located in the lower part of the forehead and reaches over the eye sockets and eyebrows
- Ethmoid Sinuses = found in the spongy ethmoid bone in the upper part of the nose between the eyes
- Maxillary Sinuses = the largest sinus, located below the cheeks, above the teeth and on the sides of the nose
What is the Role of the Sinuses?
The sinuses are your friend - when they work properly, their primary role is to keep you healthy.
The sinuses work with the nose and are the first part of your immune system. They are the front line defense against external pathogens and outward enemies. Each set has openings into the nose, and works in combination with the nose and breathing system to maintain health.
If sinuses are working normally, the lining of mucus allows your body to filter out external entities and also fight against illness.
What Causes Sinus Problems?
- Sinus Anatomy = If the sinus openings are too small, mucus gets trapped, unable to drain properly.
- Chronic Inflammation = The lining of your sinuses are irritated.
Many folks experience both issues at once. Both issues mean things are getting blocked up behind the scenes. This causes the pain and congestion you experience when you're sick - or if you're one of the unlucky ones, you could experience this regularly if your sinuses are too small.